When you let your beliefs hijack your neutrality in what data you select and how you interpret them, you’ve fallen victim to confirmation bias. To correct for it, err on the side of disconfirmation. Seek evidence that challenges your beliefs—and raise the burden of proof for evidence that affirms them.

~Adam Grant

Many of the things we identify as facts are actually conclusions and interpretations. Facts don’t speak for themselves. All data is subject to interpretation—limited interpretation at best. Interpretation, in turn, is shaped by values, both chosen and inherited. Values are calibrated to “catch” only certain ideas and information the way fishing nets are calibrated to catch only certain types of fish. The most meaningful discussion revolves around competing values.

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